Fagus sylvatica rotundifolia

Fagus sylvatica Rotundifolia (340)

Common names:

  • Round-leaf beech

Location in the Gardens:

Season of interest:

  • Leaves are pale green in spring, mid-to-dark green in summer and turn rich yellow and orange-brown in autumn when nuts are produced.

Description of plant:

This variety grows vigorously upright when young but matures to a round headed tree to 25'. Foliage and stems are fine textured, perhaps the daintiest of beech varieties its leaves are distinct for their near perfectly spherical shape ½ to 1¼ in. in diameter, very closely set on the branches.

Ideal growing conditions and habitat:

Given a well-drained soil, there is perhaps no other tree that will survive in such extremes of acidity and alkalinity.

Country of origin:

  • Round-leaf beech is a cultivar of long standing originating in Europe around 1894

Other interesting information:

It originated near St Johns, Woking, and was known by 1872, in which year Major McNair of Brookwood sent a specimen to Kew.

It was propagated by Messrs Jackman of Woking and received a First Class Certificate when shown by them in 1894. It was figured in the same year in Gardener's Magazine, p. 339.

Specimens can also be found at:

  • Kew, 66 x 4¾ ft (1978)
  • Wakehurst Place, Sussex, 62 x 9 ft at 3 ft (1981)
  • Alexandra Park, Hastings, Sussex, 66 x 5½ ft (1983)
  • Rivers' Nursery, Sawbridgeworth, Herts., 48 x 8½ ft (1978)
  • Thorp Perrow, Bedale, Yorks., 55 x 4¾ ft (1981)
  • Edinburgh Botanic Garden, 50 x 4¼ ft (1981)

Tallest and Stoutest:

  • Fagus sylvatica rotundifolia - 24m x 92cm 1983 Castlehill Devon

Fagus sylvatica Rotundifolia (744)

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